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This is not true. Almost every person who gets bit does so because they pick up a sick or injured bat. Like any other wild animal, bats should never be handled at any time, especially when found on the ground or in a home.
NEVER try to catch a bat with your bare hands! If anyone in the home was unknowingly bitten or scratched, by the time rabies symptoms appear it is too late for help.
Every state has different protocol regarding bats found in homes, so before releasing them outside call your local health department or animal control for information.
Bats are not rodents , and have little in common with mice or rats. Bats are not filthy little critters. The smell associated with bats is due to the accumulation of guano and urine below their roosting areas.
They have tiny little teeth, but are still able to inflict a bite to human skin. This would occur when a bat is picked up or otherwise mistakenly contacted.
If a bat would accidentally land on you, your reaction would most likely be to brush it off. The bat would bite only as a defensive action.
They are not aggressive. This makes them look much bigger, especially if one is flying around inside your home. To most people they look like an eagle or condor when cruising around in their house.
They are about 4. Their wingspan is from 8. Their outdoor flying pattern when feeding is a very erratic pattern, usually darting back and forth and making quick direction changes.
Both Little Browns and Big Browns often emit a chattering sound as they get ready to exit their roosting areas at sunset to begin feeding.
The sound is similar to a cricket or katydid noise. The bats in our neighborhoods are insectivores, which of course means they live on insects.
They consume a tremendous number of night flying insects every night during the spring, summer, and fall seasons. Since bats consume extremely high numbers of mosquitoes and other night-flying insects, they are very beneficial to have around.
Many homeowners are installing bat houses on their property to provide a natural method of insect control and reduce the need for pesticides.
Bat houses do not increase the chance of having bats in your home. Bat houses are not a solution for a bat problem in a structure.
Bats are not going to "move" from your home into a bat house. Bats do not attack people , and a fear of bats is caused by a lack of education about them.
Their echolocation system enables them to locate a tiny insect flying in total darkness. How could anyone think they would run into a person? When people are outdoors at night, insects are attracted to us by heat and smell.
The reason bats sometimes appear to be swooping towards us is due to the fact they are simply zoning in on the insects we attract. The next time you see a bat pass close by, you should be thankful.
It may have just eaten a West Nile Virus infected mosquito that was about to bite you! Bats only become a problem when they decide to use an attic or other section of a home or building for a roosting or nursery colony.
Most people do not tolerate that idea very well, and it becomes necessary to evict the bats and repair the structure as needed to prevent them from entering in the future.
Bats may use caves or old mining shafts for roosts, but many of those areas are becoming scarce. Bats are adapting by using man-made structures for roosting and nursery colonies.
They are able to locate very small openings into homes and buildings, and it seems churches are one of their favorites.
Bats do not chew their way into structures! They only use gaps and holes that already exist, and locate them by sensing air currents and temperature.
They are simply opportunists. Taller structures are more likely to receive less maintenance due to a lack of access for repairs.
Since they are nocturnal and for the most part very quiet animals, they often use attics for years before the odor from the build-up of droppings alerts us to their presence.
Never seal your home without performing an exclusion! Most people will panic when they discover bats are living in their home.
It is the absolute worst thing you can do, but unfortunately the most common step that is taken. People who fail to research the subject will usually seal the holes during the day when the bats are roosting inside.
Now instead of an odor problem, you have a colony of stressed-out bats flying around in your house. If they are not able to find their way into your living quarters, they die in the attic.
You can guess how pleasant that becomes after a week or so. This statement is fraudulent and entirely untrue. So Bill never asked me for it [the byline] and I never volunteered — I guess my ego at that time.
And I felt badly, really, when he [Finger] died. Dawn of Justice and the second season of Gotham after a deal was worked out between the Finger family and DC.
Arkham Knight Genesis 3. The updated acknowledgment for the character appeared as "Batman created by Bob Kane with Bill Finger". Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps",  and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals.
Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in while continuing to star in Detective Comics.
Creators including Jerry Robinson and Dick Sprang also worked on the strips during this period. Over the course of the first few Batman strips elements were added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved.
Days later, at their grave, the child vows that "by the spirits of my parents [I will] avenge their deaths by spending the rest of my life warring on all criminals".
That story prompted editor Whitney Ellsworth to decree that the character could no longer kill or use a gun. By , the writers and artists behind the Batman comics had established most of the basic elements of the Batman mythos.
The impact of this editorial approach was evident in Batman comics of the postwar period; removed from the "bleak and menacing world" of the strips of the early s, Batman was instead portrayed as a respectable citizen and paternal figure that inhabited a "bright and colorful" environment.
Batman was one of the few superhero characters to be continuously published as interest in the genre waned during the s.
Wertham criticized Batman comics for their supposed homosexual overtones and argued that Batman and Robin were portrayed as lovers.
The tendency towards a "sunnier Batman" in the postwar years intensified after the introduction of the Comics Code. In the late s, Batman stories gradually became more science fiction-oriented, an attempt at mimicking the success of other DC characters that had dabbled in the genre.
By , sales of Batman titles had fallen drastically. Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether". Schwartz introduced changes designed to make Batman more contemporary, and to return him to more detective-oriented stories.
He brought in artist Carmine Infantino to help overhaul the character. The space aliens, time travel, and characters of the s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired.
The debut of the Batman television series in had a profound influence on the character. The success of the series increased sales throughout the comic book industry, and Batman reached a circulation of close to , copies.
Although both the comics and TV show were successful for a time, the camp approach eventually wore thin and the show was canceled in In the aftermath, the Batman comics themselves lost popularity once again.
As Julius Schwartz noted, "When the television show was a success, I was asked to be campy, and of course when the show faded, so did the comic books.
I went to the DC library and read some of the early stories. I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after. The Animated Series , which debuted in The comic book, which tells the story of a year-old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated interest in the character.
The Batman comics garnered major attention in when DC Comics created a number for readers to call to vote on whether Jason Todd , the second Robin, lived or died.
A Death in the Family. The " Knightfall " story arc introduced a new villain, Bane , who critically injures Batman after pushing him to the limits of his endurance.
Writers Doug Moench , Chuck Dixon , and Alan Grant worked on the Batman titles during "Knightfall", and would also contribute to other Batman crossovers throughout the s.
Another writer who rose to prominence on the Batman comic series, was Jeph Loeb. Along with longtime collaborator Tim Sale, they wrote two miniseries The Long Halloween and Dark Victory that pit an early in his career version of Batman against his entire rogues gallery including Two-Face , whose origin was re-envisioned by Loeb while dealing with various mysteries involving serial killers Holiday and the Hangman.
In , Loeb teamed with artist Jim Lee to work on another mystery arc: Hush " for the main Batman book. The series became 1 on the Diamond Comic Distributors sales chart for the first time since Batman Oct.
Written by Frank Miller and drawn by Jim Lee, the series was a commercial success for DC Comics,   although it was widely panned by critics for its writing and strong depictions of violence.
Starting in , Grant Morrison and Paul Dini were the regular writers of Batman and Detective Comics , with Morrison reincorporating controversial elements of Batman lore.
Most notably of these elements were the science fiction themed storylines of the s Batman comics, which Morrison revised as hallucinations Batman suffered under the influence of various mind-bending gases and extensive sensory deprivation training.
In the miniseries Batman: In , the storyline Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne saw Bruce travel through history, eventually returning to the present day.
Although he reclaimed the mantle of Batman, he also allowed Grayson to continue being Batman as well. Bruce decided to take his crime-fighting cause globally, which is the central focus of Batman Incorporated.
Also, Bruce appeared in another ongoing series, Batman: Dick Grayson returns to the mantle of Nightwing and appears in his own ongoing series. Batman Incorporated was relaunched in — to complete the "Leviathan" storyline.
With the beginning of the New 52, Scott Snyder was the writer of the Batman title. His first major story arc was " Night of the Owls ", where Batman confronts the Court of Owls , a secret society that has controlled Gotham for centuries.
The second story arc was " Death of the Family ", where the Joker returns to Gotham and simultaneously attacks each member of the Batman family.
The third story arc was " Batman: The final storyline before the " Convergence " storyline was " Endgame ", depicting the supposed final battle between Batman and the Joker when he unleashes the deadly Endgame virus onto Gotham City.
Starting with Batman vol. However, Bruce Wayne is soon revealed to be alive, albeit now suffering almost total amnesia of his life as Batman and only remembering his life as Bruce Wayne through what he has learned from Alfred.
Bruce Wayne finds happiness and proposes to his girlfriend, Julie Madison , but Mr. Bloom heavily injures Jim Gordon and takes control of Gotham City and threatens to destroy the city by energizing a particle reactor to create a "strange star" to swallow the city.
Bruce Wayne discovers the truth that he was Batman and after talking to a stranger who smiles a lot it is heavily implied that this is the amnesic Joker he forces Alfred to implant his memories as Batman, but at the cost of his memories as the reborn Bruce Wayne.
He returns and helps Jim Gordon defeat Mr. Bloom and shut down the reactor. Gordon gets his job back as the commissioner, and the government Batman project is shut down.
Batman was rebooted as starting with a one-shot issue entitled Batman: The series then began shipping twice-monthly as a third volume, starting with Batman vol.
The Batman series introduced two vigilantes, Gotham and Gotham Girl. As a child, Bruce witnessed the murder of his parents, Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne , which ultimately led him to craft the Batman persona and seek justice against criminals.
He resides on the outskirts of Gotham City in his personal residence, Wayne Manor. Although Bruce Wayne leads an active romantic life, his vigilante activities as Batman account for most of his time.
Various modern stories have portrayed the extravagant, playboy image of Bruce Wayne as a facade. Writers of Batman and Superman stories have often compared and contrasted the two.
Interpretations vary depending on the writer, the story, and the timing. He notes an equally stark contrast in their real identities.
Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent belong to different social classes: Julie and Murray did not want to coordinate their efforts, nor were they asked to do so.
Continuity was not important in those days. Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories. Frank Miller views the character as "a dionysian figure, a force for anarchy that imposes an individual order".
On several occasions former Robin Dick Grayson has served as Batman; most notably in while Wayne was believed dead, and served as a second Batman even after Wayne returned in In an interview with IGN , Morrison detailed that having Dick Grayson as Batman and Damian Wayne as Robin represented a "reverse" of the normal dynamic between Batman and Robin, with, "a more light-hearted and spontaneous Batman and a scowling, badass Robin".
Morrison explained his intentions for the new characterization of Batman: Over the years, there have been numerous others to assume the name of Batman, or to officially take over for Bruce during his leaves of absence.
Jean Paul Valley , also known as Azrael , assumed the cowl after the events of the Knightfall saga. Endgame , and served as Batman in and Batman faces a variety of foes ranging from common criminals to outlandish supervillains.
The Joker is considered by critics to be his perfect adversary, since he is the antithesis of Batman in personality and appearance; the Joker has a maniacal demeanor with a colorful appearance, while Batman has a serious and resolute demeanor with a dark appearance.
As a "personification of the irrational", the Joker represents "everything Batman [opposes]". He is sometimes portrayed as a sidekick to Batman and the only other resident of Wayne Manor aside from Bruce.
The informal name " Batman family " is used for a group of characters closely allied with Batman, generally masked vigilantes who either have been trained by Batman or operate in Gotham City with his tacit approval.
Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders. In pre-Crisis continuity, the two are depicted as close friends; however, in current continuity, they are still close friends but an uneasy relationship, with an emphasis on their differing views on crime-fighting and justice.
Then, with some gadget from his utility belt, he reminds me that he has an extraordinarily inventive mind. And how lucky I am to be able to call on him.
In the s he finally grew up, went off to college and became the hero Nightwing. A second Robin, Jason Todd , appeared in the s.
In the stories he was eventually badly beaten and then killed in an explosion set by the Joker, but was later revived.
The third Robin in mainstream comics is Tim Drake , who first appeared in He went on to star in his own comic series, and currently goes by Red Robin , a variation on the traditional Robin persona.
In the first decade of the new millennium, Stephanie Brown served as the fourth in-universe Robin between stints as her self-made vigilante identity The Spoiler, and later as Batgirl.
The role eventually passed to Damian Wayne , the ten-year-old son of Bruce Wayne and Talia al Ghul , in the late s.
Unlike the Robins, Bluebird is willing and permitted to use a gun, albeit non-lethal ; her weapon of choice is a modified rifle that fires taser rounds.
Helena Wayne is the biological daughter of Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle of an alternate universe established in the early s Multiverse where the golden-age stories took place.
Terry McGinnis is the biological son of Bruce Wayne in the DC animated universe , and has taken over the role as Batman when Bruce has become too elderly to do it.
Bruce Wayne has been portrayed as being romantically linked with many women throughout his various incarnations. The most significant relationships occurred with Selina Kyle, who is also Catwoman  and Talia al Ghul , as both women gave birth to his biological offsprings, Helena Wayne and Damian Wayne, respectively.
Although Catwoman is typically portrayed as a villain, Batman and Catwoman have worked together in achieving common goals and are usually depicted as having a romantic connection.
In an early s storyline, Selina Kyle and Bruce Wayne develop a relationship, in which the closing panel of the final story shows her referring to Batman as "Bruce".
However, a change in the editorial team brought a swift end to that storyline and, apparently, all that transpired during the story arc. The story shows Selina saving Bruce from Poison Ivy.
However, the relationship ends when Bruce rejects her advances twice; once as Bruce and once as Batman. Dark Victory , he stands her up on two holidays, causing her to leave him for good and to leave Gotham City for a while.
When the two meet at an opera many years later, during the events of the twelve-issue story arc called " Hush ", Bruce comments that the two no longer have a relationship as Bruce and Selina.
However, "Hush" sees Batman and Catwoman allied against the entire rogues gallery and rekindling their romantic relationship.
They have a daughter named Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Batman and Catwoman are shown having a sexual encounter on the roof of a building in Catwoman vol.
The two also have a romantic relationship, in which they are shown having a sexual encounter on a rooftop and sleeping together. When he does so, she says, "Yes.
Towards the end, the story is flash-forwarded to the future, in which Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle are a married couple in their golden years.
Bruce receives a terminal medical diagnosis, and Selina cares for him until his death. Batman has no inherent superhuman powers; he relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess".
Doomed story arc, Superman considers Batman to be one of the most brilliant minds on the planet. Batman has trained extensively in various martial arts, mastering many different types, making him one of the best hand-to-hand fighters in the DC Universe.
Batman is strongly disciplined, and he has the ability to function under great physical pain and resist most forms of telepathy and mind control.
He is a master of disguise , multilingual, and an expert in espionage , often gathering information under the identity of a notorious gangster named Matches Malone.
Batman is highly skilled in stealth movement and escapology , which allows him to appear and disappear at will and to break free of nearly inescapable deathtraps with little to no harm.
Batman is an expert in interrogation techniques and his intimidating and frightening appearance alone is often all that is needed in getting information from suspects.
This unyielding moral rectitude has earned him the respect of several heroes in the DC Universe, most notably that of Superman and Wonder Woman.
Among physical and other crime fighting related training, he is also proficient at other types of skills. Some of these include being a licensed pilot in order to operate the Batplane , as well as being able to operate other types of machinery.
In some publications, he underwent some magician training. Batman utilizes a vast arsenal of specialized, high-tech vehicles and gadgets in his war against crime, the designs of which usually share a bat motif.
Finger and Kane originally conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.
It protects him from gunfire and other significant impacts. His gloves typically feature three scallops that protrude from long, gauntlet-like cuffs, although in his earliest appearances he wore short, plain gloves without the scallops.
Everybody loves to draw Batman, and everybody wants to put their own spin on it. Batman also has an aircraft called the Batplane later called the "Batwing" , along with various other means of transportation.
In proper practice, the "bat" prefix as in Batmobile or batarang is rarely used by Batman himself when referring to his equipment, particularly after some portrayals primarily the s Batman live-action television show and the Super Friends animated series stretched the practice to campy proportions.
For example, the s television show depicted a Batboat , Bat-Sub , and Batcycle , among other bat-themed vehicles.
The s television series Batman has an arsenal that includes such "bat-" names as the bat-computer, bat-scanner, bat-radar, bat-cuffs, bat-pontoons, bat-drinking water dispenser, bat-camera with polarized bat-filter, bat- shark repellent bat-spray, and bat-rope.
The Batmobile was redesigned in when DC Comics relaunched its entire line of comic books, with the batmobile being given heavier armor and new aesthetics.
Batman keeps most of his field equipment in his utility belt. Over the years it has shown to contain an assortment of crime-fighting tools, weapons, and investigative and technological instruments.
Different versions of the belt have these items stored in compartments, often as pouches or hard cylinders attached evenly around it. Batman is often depicted as carrying a projectile which shoots a retractable grappling hook attached to a cable.
This allows him to attach to distant objects, be propelled into the air, and thus swing from the rooftops of Gotham City. When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-Signal, which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.
The origin of the signal varies, depending on the continuity and medium. In various incarnations, most notably the s Batman TV series , Commissioner Gordon also has a dedicated phone line, dubbed the Bat-Phone, connected to a bright red telephone in the TV series which sits on a wooden base and has a transparent top.
As his command center, the Batcave serves multiple purposes; supercomputer, surveillance, redundant power-generators, forensics lab, medical infirmary, private study, training dojo, fabrication workshop, arsenal, hangar and garage.
It houses the vehicles and equipment Batman uses in his campaign to fight crime. In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat 45 and the film Batman Begins , the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad.
Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades.
Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha , murdered with a gun by a mugger named Joe Chill. Batman refuses to utilize any sort of gun on the principle that a gun was used to murder his parents.
This event drove him to train his body to its peak condition and fight crime in Gotham City as Batman. As these comics state, Bruce Wayne is born to Dr.
Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, two very wealthy and charitable Gotham City socialites. Bruce is brought up in Wayne Manor , and leads a happy and privileged existence until the age of eight, when his parents are killed by a small-time criminal named Joe Chill while on their way home from a movie theater.
That night, Bruce Wayne swears an oath to spend his life fighting crime. He engages in intense intellectual and physical training; however, he realizes that these skills alone would not be enough.
I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible Batman also becomes a founding member of the Justice Society of America ,  although he, like Superman, is an honorary member,  and thus only participates occasionally.
Batman is not significantly changed by the late s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One. The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the golden and silver ages led to the stories of the late s and early s that often feature many science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics May , in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.
The two have a daughter, Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Wayne holds the position of police commissioner until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.
Batman titles however often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen since unlike The Flash or Green Lantern , Batman comics had been published without interruption through the s and would occasionally make reference to stories from the golden age.
Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne introduced in Batman , Feb. Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.
In the s and s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month. In the s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
In the final issue of Brave and the Bold in , Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders. After the issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths , DC Comics retconned the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.
Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in To help fill in the revised backstory for Batman following Crisis , DC launched a new Batman title called Legends of the Dark Knight in and has published various miniseries and one-shot stories since then that largely take place during the "Year One" period.
Subsequently, Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crime-fighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.
Many of the major Batman storylines since the s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues. In , DC published " Knightfall ".
The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne. Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson then Nightwing for an interim period, while Wayne trains for a return to the role.
The company-wide crossover storyline " Zero Hour " changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman.
Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.
Officer Down" and "Batman: Fugitive " story arcs. Light after he raped Sue Dibny. Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over and, if necessary, kill the other heroes after he remembered.
Picking up a gun, Batman nearly shoots Luthor in order to avenge his former sidekick, until Wonder Woman convinces him to not pull the trigger.
Part of this absence is captured during Week 30 of the 52 series, which shows Batman fighting his inner demons. This becomes an important part of the regular Batman title, which reveals that Batman is reborn as a more effective crime fighter while undergoing this ritual, having "hunted down and ate" the last traces of fear in his mind.
Batman, along with Superman and Wonder Woman, reforms the Justice League in the new Justice League of America series,  and is leading the newest incarnation of the Outsiders.
The story ends with Batman retrieving the god-killing bullet used to kill Orion, setting up its use in "Final Crisis".
The Return of Bruce Wayne , which depicted his travels through time from prehistory to present-day Gotham. Bruce publicly announced that Wayne Enterprises will aid Batman on his mission, known as "Batman, Incorporated".
The relaunch also interrupted the publication of Batman, Incorporated , which resumed its story in — with changes to suit the new status quo. Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world.
He is at once an icon and a commodity: The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books, such as newspaper syndicated comic strips , books, radio dramas, television, a stage show , and several theatrical feature films.
The first adaptation of Batman was as a daily newspaper comic strip which premiered on October 25, While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearances in The Adventures of Superman starting in on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.
The exposure provided by these adaptations during the s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book". Batman is portrayed for purposes of spoof as a pretentious French-speaking rich man.
Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon. The series ran for episodes; ending in In between the first and second season of the Batman television series, the cast and crew made the theatrical film Batman Animation and featuring Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman.
The series received considerable acclaim for its darker tone, mature writing, stylistic design, and thematic complexity compared to previous superhero cartoons,   in addition to multiple Emmy Awards.
Mask of the Phantasm ,  as well as various spin-off TV series; including Superman: The futuristic series Batman Beyond also took place in this same animated continuity and featured a newer, younger Batman voiced by Will Friedle , with the elderly Bruce Wayne again voiced by Conroy as a mentor.
In , an unrelated animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano voicing Batman. In , this show was replaced by another animated series, Batman: For the season 1 finale of Titans , Alain Moussi portrays Batman as a stunt double.
To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the character, Warner Bros aired the television short film , Batman: In , Warner Bros. The film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.
The second Schumacher film failed to outgross any of its predecessors and was critically panned; causing Warner Bros. In , Batman Begins was released by Warner Bros.
Its sequel, The Dark Knight , set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U. Kevin Conroy has reprised his voice role of Batman for several of these films, while others have featured celebrity voice actors in the role; including Jeremy Sisto , William Baldwin , Bruce Greenwood , Ben McKenzie , and Peter Weller.
Dawn of Justice , directed by Zack Snyder. Since , Batman has starred in multiple video games, most of which were adaptations of the various cinematic or animated incarnations of the character.
Among the most successful of these games is the Batman: The first installment, Batman: Arkham Knight has also been released by Rocksteady. In , Telltale Games released Batman: The Enemy Within , was released in Gay interpretations of the character have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in Seduction of the Innocent in that "Batman stories are psychologically homosexual The Batman type of story may stimulate children to homosexual fantasies, of the nature of which they may be unconscious.
He also identifies a homophobic element to the vigor with which mainstream fandom rejects the possibility of a gay reading of the character.
Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions. Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view. All these women fancy him and they all wear fetish clothes and jump around rooftops to get to him.
Homophobia and Batman Comics in the s". In Batman and Psychology: A Dark and Stormy Knight , Travis Langley argues that the concept of archetypes as described by psychologists Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell is present in the Batman mythos, such that the character represents the "shadow archetype".
Langley argues that Bruce Wayne confronts his own darkness early in life; he chooses to use it to instill fear in wrongdoers, with his bright and dark sides working together to fight evil.
Langley uses the Jungian perspective to assert that Batman appeals to our own need to face our "shadow selves".